Vegan Ratatouille

Dive into the flavors of Provence with our easy ratatouille recipe. Packed with fresh vegetables and aromatic herbs, this dish is a vibrant celebration of healthy, delicious eating. Join us as we show you how to create this classic French stew, perfect for any day of the year.
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Ratatouille, garnished with lemon slices and herbs.
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Originating from the sunny climate of Provence, ratatouille is not just a dish, it’s a celebration of the Mediterranean’s finest produce. You can bring this vibe into your kitchen any time of the year with our easy and delicious ratatouille recipe!

This rustic stew, brimming with eggplant, zucchini, bell peppers, and tomatoes, offers deeply flavorful notes enriched with olive oil, garlic, and a medley of fresh herbs. It’s a dish that rewards patience, making it perfect for a relaxed weekend cooking session.

Ratatouille’s charm lies in its versatility. Serve it as a hearty main alongside quinoa or polenta fries, or let it shine as a rich topping on crisp crostini, complemented by a dollop of vegan ricotta. But why stop there? Explore its potential by tucking it into a warm pita with a drizzle of tahini or dollop of hummus for a Mediterranean-inspired wrap. You can use it as a robust filling for vegan lasagna, layered with plant-based béchamel sauce. Stirring it into pasta for a quick, nutritious meal, perhaps with a sprinkle of nutritional yeast or vegan parmesan, is another excellent choice!

Every bite of this ratatouille brings a taste of southern France right to your kitchen. Next up, we’ll guide you through making this delightful dish. From choosing the best vegetables to simmering them to perfection, we’ll cover all the essentials. Gather your ingredients and let’s start.

Here’s to a dish that’s as much about enjoying the flavors as it is about celebrating the essence of French cooking. Bon appétit!

Why You Should Make This Ratatouille

Thinking about trying this classic ratatouille recipe? You’re in for an amazing experience. This dish is more than a simple medley of vegetables; it’s an explosion of flavor and a feast for the eyes. Let’s explore more reasons why you’ll fall in love with this ratatouille!

  • Full of Flavor: Savor the rich layer of flavors in each bite of our ratatouille. With a balanced blend of garlic, tomato sauce, olive oil, and fresh herbs, each vegetable shines, offering a depth of flavor that’s both comforting and sophisticated.
  • Versatility at Its Best: Ratatouille is a chameleon in the kitchen. Perfect as a main dish, a colorful side, or a unique addition to meals, it pairs wonderfully with grains, shines as a topping on bread, and can even be a flavorful filling for sandwiches or lasagna.
  • Meal Prep Friendly: Ideal for those busy weeks, ratatouille is a make-ahead marvel. It tastes even better the next day, making it a smart, delicious choice for meal planning and quick dinners.
  • A Touch of French Cuisine: Experience the joy of French cooking with this authentic Provence-inspired dish. Ratatouille brings the essence of French culinary tradition to your table, no passport required!
  • Naturally Inclusive: Embracing a range of dietary needs, this ratatouille is vegetarian, vegan, and free from gluten, soy, and nuts. It’s a wholesome dish that everyone can enjoy, whether at a large gathering or a quiet meal at home.
  • Simple Ingredients, Incredible Outcome: Who knew simplicity could taste so exceptionally good? Common vegetables and pantry staples unite to create an beautiful dish. Ratatouille proves that you don’t need fancy ingredients to enjoy a truly remarkable meal.
A side shot of ratatouille in a cast iron pan.

Essential Ingredients

These key ingredients all work together to create a beautiful, cozy ratatouille. Let’s go over some of them, as well as offer some substitutions.

Red Onion: Adds a mild, slightly sweet flavor that enhances the overall savoriness of the dish. If you don’t have red onions, yellow onions make a good substitute, offering a similar texture but a slightly stronger flavor.

Tomato Sauce: Acts as the base of the ratatouille, providing moisture and a rich, tangy taste. If tomato sauce isn’t available, crushed tomatoes, tomato puree, or even a good quality marinara sauce can be used as alternatives.

Eggplant: Brings a unique, hearty texture to the ratatouille, absorbing flavors beautifully.

Zucchini: Offers a light, slightly sweet flavor and a tender texture. In case zucchini is not available, summer squash is a great alternative, as it has a similar texture and flavor profile.

Red Bell Peppers: Provide a sweet and slightly earthy flavor, adding a pop of color and crunch.

Plum Tomatoes: These are less watery and more flavorful than other varieties, making them perfect for ratatouille. If plum tomatoes aren’t available, any other fresh, ripe tomatoes will do, though they may release more liquid into the dish.

Fresh Thyme: This herb adds a subtle, earthy flavor that complements the vegetables.

Lemon, for Garnish: Adds a fresh, zesty finish to the dish, brightening up the flavors in the dish.

How To Make Vegan Ratatouille

Making this vegan ratatouille is a labor of love that offers amazing aromas, and fun assembly of all the vegetables. Here’s how we make it!

Start by Preheating Your Oven: Set it to 350 degrees Fahrenheit to ensure it’s ready for baking.

A sauté pan with oil and onions.

Step One: Prepare the Sauce. In a saucepan, heat some olive oil over medium heat. Add finely chopped garlic and half a head of finely sliced red onion. Cook them together until the onion is soft and translucent, about 2 minutes.

Tomato sauce being simmered in a sauté pan.

Step Two: Simmer the Tomato Base. Pour in the tomato passata or tomato sauce. Season the mixture with salt and pepper to taste. Allow it to simmer gently for 3-4 minutes. During the last minute, stir in the leaves from a sprig of fresh thyme. This sauce will serve as the flavorful foundation of your ratatouille.

Vegetables being sliced on a wooden countertop.

Step Three: Slice Your Vegetables. Thinly slice the eggplant, zucchini, red bell peppers, and plum tomatoes. Aim for slices about a fifth of an inch thick, or thinner if preferred.

Seasoning ratatouille in a pan.

Step Four: Assemble the Ratatouille. Arrange the vegetable slices in the casserole dish in an overlapping circular pattern. This not only ensures even cooking but also makes for an aesthetically pleasing presentation. Season the arranged vegetables lightly with salt and pepper.

Step Five: Bake the Ratatouille. Place the casserole dish in the preheated oven and bake for 30-40 minutes. The vegetables should be tender and the flavors well combined.

Ratatouille, garnished with lemon slices.

Garnish and Serve: Once done, remove from the oven and garnish with fresh lemon slices and a sprig of thyme. Your ratatouille is now ready to be enjoyed!

Helpful Tips For Making Perfect Ratatouille

Ready to turn your ratatouille into a masterpiece? These helpful tips will elevate your cooking experience, ensuring your dish is as beautiful as it is delicious. Let’s go over some culinary secrets that will make your ratatouille stand out both in flavor and presentation.

  • The Art of Vegetable Slicing: Thin, consistent slices are key. Use a sharp knife or a mandoline for uniform thickness. This not only ensures even cooking but also makes layering easier and more aesthetically pleasing.
  • Creating a Beautiful Swirl: Start by placing one slice of each vegetable (eggplant, zucchini, bell pepper, tomato) in the pan, slightly overlapping the last. Continue this pattern around the edge of the pan. Once the outer circle is complete, start a new circle inside, following the same pattern. The goal is to fill the pan with a spiral of beautifully arranged vegetables. This technique, while simple, adds an elegant touch to your dish.
  • Layering for Flavor: Before arranging your veggies, spread the tomato sauce evenly on the bottom of the pan. This creates a flavorful base and prevents sticking. Sprinkle some fresh herbs over the sauce for an extra burst of flavor.
  • Season as You Go: Lightly season each layer of vegetables with salt, pepper, and additional herbs. This ensures every bite is infused with flavor.
  • Slow and Low Cooking: Ratatouille benefits from slow, gentle cooking. This allows the flavors to meld and the vegetables to become tender without losing their shape. Be patient and keep the heat at a medium-low setting.
  • Letting It Rest: Once out of the oven, give your vegan ratatouille a few minutes to settle. This rest period allows the juices to redistribute, making it even more flavorful.
Ratatouille on a fork.

How To Serve

When it comes to serving your homemade ratatouille, the possibilities are as varied as they are delicious. This versatile dish shines whether served warm or at room temperature, making it a fantastic choice for any occasion.

For a classic touch, plate it alongside a serving of creamy polenta or a bed of fluffy couscous, allowing these grains to soak up the rich flavors of the stew. If you’re leaning towards a more casual, hands-on experience, consider spooning it over toasted slices of crusty bread, perhaps with a smear of vegan ricotta.

Ratatouille also makes a superb accompaniment to grilled tofu or seitan, offering a colorful and flavorful contrast. For those special gatherings, you can elevate your presentation by topping the ratatouille with a sprinkle of fresh basil or a drizzle of balsamic glaze, turning the humble stew into an elegant entrée. No matter how you choose to serve it, ratatouille brings a touch of Provençal charm to your table, promising a meal that’s as satisfying as it is nutritious.

How To Store Leftovers

Storing leftovers of your delicious vegan ratatouille is easy! Ratatouille keeps well in the refrigerator and often tastes even better the next day, as the flavors have more time to meld. To properly store it, let the ratatouille cool to room temperature first. Then, transfer it into an airtight container and place it in the refrigerator. It will stay fresh and tasty for up to 4-5 days.

If you find yourself with a larger batch, ratatouille also freezes beautifully. Spoon the cooled stew into a freezer-safe container, leaving a little space at the top as the contents will expand when frozen.

Label the containers with the date, and you can enjoy your ratatouille for up to three months. When you’re ready to eat it, simply thaw it in the refrigerator overnight and then reheat it on the stove over low heat to restore its warmth and flavors.


What is ratatouille made of?

Ratatouille is a traditional French stew made primarily from vegetables. The key ingredients typically include eggplant, zucchini, bell peppers, and tomatoes, all simmered together with olive oil, garlic, and a blend of fresh herbs like thyme and basil. This combination results in a rustic, delicious, vibrant, flavorful, and wholesome dish.

What is it called ratatouille?

Ratatouille gets its name from the French word “ratouiller” and the Occitan word “ratatolha.” Both terms suggest a mishmash or stew. The dish originated in the Provence region of France and typically referred to a simple peasant stew. Over time, it evolved into the more refined version we know today, but the name stuck, continuing to evoke its humble, rustic origins and the process of mixing or stirring together vegetables.

How do you serve ratatouille?

Ratatouille is a versatile dish that can be served in various ways. It’s delicious on its own as a hearty main course, especially when accompanied by crusty bread, quinoa, rice, or pasta. You can also serve it as a side dish with grilled tofu, seitan, or your favorite plant-based protein. For a more creative approach, use it as a filling for sandwiches, wraps, or even as a topping for bruschetta or pizza. Ratatouille can be enjoyed warm or at room temperature, making it a great option for potlucks and picnics.

Ratatouille, served with lemon slices.

Vegan Ratatouille

Author: World of Vegan
5 from 8 votes
This fresh vegan ratatouille dish will take you to a sunny day in the Mediterranean and remind you of why we love these simple ingredients so much!
Ratatouille, garnished with lemon slices and herbs.
Prep Time 20 minutes
Cook Time 35 minutes
Total Time 55 minutes
Servings 4


  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 2 cloves garlic, minced
  • 2 heads red onion, finely sliced
  • cups tomato passata, or tomato sauce
  • 1 medium-sized eggplant
  • 1 medium-sized zucchini
  • 2 red bell peppers
  • 2 plum tomatoes
  • A few sprigs of fresh thyme
  • Salt & pepper to taste
  • 2 slices lemon, for garnish


  • Preheat oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit. 
  • In a saucepan, add olive oil and cook the finely chopped garlic with half a head of red onion (finely sliced).
  • After 2 minutes, add the tomato passata (or tomato sauce) and season with salt and pepper.
  • Let the sauce simmer for 3-4 minutes and add the little leaves from a sprig of fresh thyme. This will be your base for the ratatouille.
  • Spread the sauce evenly on the bottom of a round casserole dish.
  • Slice the vegetables very thin, about a fifth of an inch, or even thinner if desired.
  • Arrange sliced vegetables in circles as shown in the photo and season with salt and pepper. 
  • Cook in the oven at 350 Fahrenheit for 30-40 minutes.
  • Garnish with fresh lemon slices and a sprig of thyme, and enjoy!


Calories: 129kcal | Carbohydrates: 22g | Protein: 5g | Fat: 5g | Saturated Fat: 1g | Polyunsaturated Fat: 1g | Monounsaturated Fat: 3g | Sodium: 736mg | Potassium: 1056mg | Fiber: 8g | Sugar: 14g | Vitamin A: 2909IU | Vitamin C: 105mg | Calcium: 51mg | Iron: 2mg
Course Main Course, Side Dish
Cuisine French, Italian, Mediterranean
Keyword ratatouille, ratatouille recipe, vegan french dish, vegan Mediterranean dish, vegan ratatouille
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Recipe Rating

  1. 5 stars
    Such a beautiful way to eat lots of veggies! Had fun making this.

  2. I always loved ratatouille! And would be a perfect topper of nice warm bread

  3. Beatriz Buono-Core says:

    5 stars
    The simplest but most delicious summer dish ever! Drizzled with some extra virgin olive oil and rustic bread is the bomb! 🙂

  4. 5 stars
    It came out delicious! Thank you for this recipe!

  5. 5 stars
    I love that this meal is so beautiful and healthy. You can get so much nutrition from this dish, as well as fiber and antioxidants from all the veggies. It’s comforting, warm and just a really tasty dish for any time of year. Ratatouille is also a lovely meal to make for guests with its circular and spiral shapes. Totally worth it!

  6. 5 stars
    This is such a beautiful way to get my veggies in!! I love the simplicity of the recipe, allowing the natural flavors to shine.

  7. 5 stars
    Wow, this looks spectacular and crazy nutritious! I love how it’s loaded with a ton of micronutrients! I can only imagine how flavorful it is also. Cannot wait to make this!

  8. 5 stars
    I feel like having a Ratatouille movie night with a side of this delicious recipe would be perfect for winter! I can imagine having this aside some focaccia would be absolutely delightful 🙂

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